Karela is of unknown origin, Karella is the name the retailer uses for this vegetable, but it is also called bitter cucumber or bitter melon.Bitter melon (also known as Momordica charantia, bitter gourd, wild cucumber, and more) is a plant that gets its name from its taste. It becomes more and more bitter as it ripens. Karela are Rich in vitamins and minerals, bitter melon grows on the vine of the Momordica charantia plant. It is the most bitter of all fruits and vegetables.
- diabetes, inflammation constipation ulcers respiratory diseases malaria cancer
Karela is split longitudinally and the spongy tissue and seeds in the middle are scraped out. Then half can be used filled as is or split into slices. Karella can be cooked, fried or baked and used as an accessory for fish or meat dishes. Used often filled with batter and baked in the oven. Karella can also be used as pickles. To reduce the bitter taste, before using, you can add carella to salt water for a while or cook it for a few minutes.
Karela has a high content of vitamin C and is also a source of vitamin A and iron. Vitamin C strengthens the immune system and increases the absorption of iron from other foods. Vitamin A helps maintain normal skin and vision, while iron contributes to normal transport of oxygen into the body.
The properties apply when consuming at least 100 g of product.
Karela should be whole and without dark or soft spots. The color should be uniformly green. The size may vary depending on the variety.
STORAGE Karela should be stored around 10 degrees C °. It damages both lower and higher temperatures.
Karela is a great source of several key nutrients.
One cup (94 grams) of raw bitter melon provides (1Trusted Source):
- Calories: 20
- Carbs: 4 grams
- Fiber: 2 grams
- Vitamin C: 93% of the Reference Daily Intake (RDI)
- Vitamin A: 44% of the RDI
- Folate: 17% of the RDI
- Potassium: 8% of the RDI
- Zinc: 5% of the RDI
- Iron: 4% of the RDI
Bitter melon is especially rich in vitamin C, an important micronutrient involved in disease prevention, bone formation, and wound healing.
It’s also high in vitamin A, a fat-soluble vitamin that promotes skin health and proper vision.
Bitter melon is a good source of catechin, gallic acid, epicatechin, and chlorogenic acid, too — powerful antioxidant compounds that can help protect your cells against damage Plus, it’s low in calories yet high in fiber — fulfilling approximately 8% of your daily fiber needs in a single one-cup (94-gram) serving
Bitter gourd, also known as bitter melon or karela. It is a unique vegetable-fruit that can be used as food or medicine. It contains at least three active substances with antidiabetic properties[x], including ‘charantin’, which is found to have a blood glucose-lowering effect, ‘vicine’ and an insulin-like compound known as ‘polypeptide-p’. These substances reducing blood sugar levels prove bitter melons as good vegetables for diabetes.
Bitter gourd also helps reduce the symptoms of diabetes by clearing the heat toxins and stagnation from the digestive system. Chinese medicine considers food or digestive disorders to be one of the major causes of diabetes. Because the disorder results in the buildup of heat and toxins in the digestive system, it, therefore, leads to the sugar imbalance in the body.