Potato is a starchy root vegetable of Central American origin. This humble tuber is one of the most widely grown root crops, and one of the cheapest staple food ingredients consumed all over the world. They’re generally eaten boiled, baked, or fried and frequently served as a side dish or snack.Common potato-based foods and food products include french fries, potato chips, and potato flour.
Cooked potatoes with skin are a good source of many vitamins and minerals, such as potassium and vitamin C.
Aside from being high in water when fresh, potatoes are primarily composed of carbs and contain moderate amounts of protein and fiber — but almost no fat.
The nutrients found in 2/3 cup (100 grams) of boiled potatoes — cooked with the skin but without salt — are (1Trusted Source):
- Calories: 87
- Water: 77%
- Protein: 1.9 grams
- Carbs: 20.1 grams
- Sugar: 0.9 grams
- Fiber: 1.8 grams
- Fat: 0.1 grams
Potatoes are one of the finest sources of starch, vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber. 100 g provides 77 calories. They carry little fat (just 0.1 g per100 g) and no cholesterol.
They are excellent natural sources of both soluble and insoluble fiber. The dietary fiber in them increases the bulk of the bowel motions. Thus, it helps prevent constipation, decrease absorption of dietary cholesterol and thereby, lower plasma LDL cholesterol.
The fiber content aids in slow digestion starch and absorption of simple sugars in the gut. It thus helps in keeping blood sugar levels within the normal range and avoid wide fluctuations. For the same reason, it considered as a reliable source of carbohydrates even in people with diabetes.
They also contain adequate amounts of many essential minerals like Iron, manganese, magnesium, phosphorous, and copper.
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